REFERENCES Taal as seen in 1856

This site is still under construction, hence incomplete,
last modification: march 23th, 1999


Frings, K., Die vulkanischen Aktivitäten von 1965 - 1977 und deren Ablagerungen, Taal-Vocano, Philippinen [Volcanic activity in 1965-1977 and related deposits, Taal Volcano, Philippines]. Unpublished Report on Mapping Project, RWTH Aachen [in German with English abstract and English subtitles for figures and tables].

van der Zander, I., Eruptionsprodukte des Taal (Philippinen) der Jahre 1754 - 1911 [Eruption products of Taal Volcano, 1754-1911]. Unpublished Report on Mapping Project, RWTH Aachen [in German with English abstract and English subtitles for figures and tables].


Knittel, U., D. Oles, Basaltic volcanism associated with extensional tectonics in the Taiwan-Luzon island arc: evidence for non-depleted sources and subduction zone enrichment. in: Volcanism associated with extension at consuming plate margins, Geological Society Special Publication, vol. 81, edited by J.L. Smellie, pp. 77-93, London, 1995.

Knittel, U., The petrology of Taal Volcano (Luzon, Philippines) within a regional framework. 'Volcanoes in Town', Rome, Period. Mineral. 64: 215-216, 1995.

Listanco, E. L., Punongbayan, R.S., Taal as the Decade Volcano of the Philippines. 'Volcanoes in Town', Rome, Period. Mineral. 64: 43-44, 1995.


Knittel, U., Listanco, E., Punongbayan, R., Simon, M., Taal - Introduction to a Decade Volcano. Berichte der Deutschen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft, no. 1, p. 145, 1994.

Listanco, E., Space-time patterns in the geologic and magmatic evolution of calderas: a case study at Taal volcano, Philippines. Unpubl. PhD thesis University of Tokyo, 1994.

Mukasa, Samuel B., et al. , The Nd-, Sr- and Pb-isotopic character of lavas from Taal, Laguna de Bay and Arayat volcanoes, southwestern Luzon, Philippines; implications for arc magma petrogenesis. Tectonophysics, 235, 205-221, 1994)


Listanco, E. L. ,Space-time migration of eruption sites at Taal Volcano, Philippines. International Geological Congres , Abstracts, Vol. 29, p. 503., 1992

Listanco, E. L., Geology of Taal Volcano Island, Philippines. International Geological Congres , Abstracts, Vol. 29, p. 501, 1992.


Miklius, Asta, et al. "Geochemistry of lavas from Taal Volcano, southwestern Luzon, Philippines; evidence for multiple magma supply systems and mantle source heterogeneity. Jour. Petrol., 32, 593-627, 1991

Oles, D., Förster, H., Knittel, U. Punongbayan, R., Auf den Philippinen droht eine neue Katastrophe; der Taal-Vulkan; klein aber gefaehrlich. FORSCHUNG Boppard; Vol. 4, p. 22-25, 1991.

Oppenheimer, C., People and volcanoes; Taal Island, Philippines." Feb. 1991. GEOLOGY TODAY ; Vol. 7, p. 19-23, 1991


Förster, H., Oles, D., Knittel, U., Defant, M.J., and Torres. R.C., The Macolod corridor: a rift crossing the Philippine island arc, Tectonophysics 183, 265- 271, 1990.


Geronimo, S. G. The evolution of Binintiang Malaki and Balantoc craters, Taal Volcano island. Bull. New Mexico Bureau of Mines & MineralL Resources, 131, 105, 1989.

Torres, R.C., Tephra characteristics of the scoria deposit of Taal Volcano's 1754 eruption, Unpubl. MSc. Thesis, University of the Philippines, Quezon City, Philippines 139p., 1989.


Defant, M.C., De Boer, J., Oles, D., The western Central Luzon volcanic arc, the Philippines: two arcs divided by rifting?, Tectonophysics 145, 305- 317, 1988.

de Luna, E.U.

Geronimo, Sandra G., A dispersal model for base surges at Taal Volcano.PHIVOLCS OBSERVER ; Vol. 4, No. 2, p. 4-5, 1988.

Geronimo, Sandra, Characteristics, depositional facies, and emplacement mechanism of the Taal Caldera base surge deposit, Unpubl. MSc Thesis, University of the Philippines, Quezon City, Philippines, 1988.

Knittel, U., Defant, M.J., Sr isotopic and trace element variations in the Oligocene to Recent igneous rocks from the Philippine island arc: evidence for Recent enrichment in the sub-Philippine mantle. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 87, 87-99, 1988.

Knittel, U., Defant, M.J., Raczek, Recent enrichment in the source of arc magmas from Luzon Island, Philippines: Sr and Nd isotopic evidence, Geology 16, 73-76, 1988.

Miklius, Asta, Petrogenesis and source character of Taal Volcano, Philippines. Unpubl. PhD Thesis, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1988.

Miklius, Asta, et al. "Multiple magma sources during recent eruptions of Taal Volcano, Philippines. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, Vol. 69, p. 1470, 1988

Torres, Ronnie C., Oles, D., Eruption of large-volume surges; a worst case scenario for Taal Volcano. PHIVOLCS OBSERVER ; Vol. 4, No. 3, p. 5-6, 1988


Ramos, E.G., Lakeshore landslides: unrecognized hazards around Taal Volcano, Phil. Journ. Volcanol. 3, 28-53, 1986.




Lim, J.B.R., Correlating the orientation of tectonic stresses with the flank eruptions of Taal Volcano, Phil. Journ. Volcanol. 1, 41-65, 1983.

Simon M., Petrographische und geochemische Untersuchungen an Vulkanen in Zentralluzon, Philippinen [petrographic and geochemical investigation of volcanics from Central Luzon]. Unpubl. diploma thesis RWTH Aachen, pp. 83, 1983. [in German]

Wolfe, J.A., Self, S., Structural lineaments and Neogene volcanism in southwestern Luzon, in Hayes, DE, ed., The Tectonic and Geologic Evolution of Southeast Asian Seas and Islands, Part 2, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., 27, AGU, Washington, DC., 157-172, 1983.


Santos, Teodoro M., et al. "Petrographic variations in the lavas of the 1968 eruption of Taal Volcano. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin ; Vol. 32, No. 1-4, p. 203-225, 1980


Dyrssen, D., Taal Oestersjoen goedning. KEM. TIDSKR. ; Vol. 90, No. 8, p. 20-23, 1978


Alcaraz, A., Datuin, R., Notes on Taal Volcano prognostics. Jour. Geol. Soc. Philippines, Vol. 31, No. 2, p. 18-20, 1977.


Yokoyama, I., Alcaraz A., Pena O., Gravimetric studies of Taal Volcano, Philippines. Bull. Volcanol. ; Vol. 39, No. 3, p. 479-489, 1975


Alcaraz, A., Datuin, R., Geothermal phenomena of the 1965 phreatomagmatic eruption of Taal Volcano. Jour. Geol. Soc. Philippines, Vol. 28, no. 3, p. 31-40, 1974.


Alcaraz, A., et al. A gravimetric survey on and around Taal Volcano, the Philippines [abstr.]. Volcanol. Soc. Japan., Bull. 18, No. 2, p. 115 (Jap.). 1973

Alcaraz, Arturo, et al. Prognostic Evaluation of the Current 1970-71 Taal Activity [abstr.]. (in Symposium on Volcanism and Upper Mantle Earthquakes, 35, p. 16, INT. UNION GEOD. GEOPHYS., 15TH GEN. ASSEM., ABSTR. Moscow. 1971)


Waters, Aaron C., et al. Base surges and their deposits; Capelinhos and Taal volcanoes. J. Geophys. Res. Vol. 76, No. 23, p. 5596-5614, 1971


Santos, G. G., et al. Notes on the 1965 Taal volcanic eruptions. Bull. Volcanol., 33, No. 2, p. 503-529, (incl. sketch maps). 1969

Santos, G. P., et al. Neutron activation analysis of the 1965 Taal volcanic ash. Bull. Volcanol. 32, 575-578, illus. 1969


Moxham, R. M. Changes in surface temperature at taal volcano, philippines 1965-1966. Bull. Volcanol., V. 31, P. 215-234. 1968)


Rutland, R. W. R. The 1965 eruption of Taal volcano, Luzon, Philippines [with discussion]. (Geol. Soc. London, Proc. No. 1632 (1966), p. 71-75, illus. 1967)


Alcaraz, A. Surveillance of Taal volcano. Jour. Geol. Soc. Philippines, Vol. 20, No. 1, p. 1-3, illus. (incl. sketch maps). 1966)

Moore, J. G., et al. The September 28-30, 1965 eruption of Taal volcano, Philippines [abstr. with discussion]. Bull. Volcanol., Vol. 29, p. 75-76. 1966)

Moore, James G., et al. The 1965 eruption of taal volcano. (Science, V. 151, NO. 3713, P. 955-960. 1966)

Moxham, R. M., et al. Infrared surveys at taal volcano, philippines, in symposium on remote sensing of environment (onr and afcrl), 4th, 1966, proc. (ANN ARBOR, MICH., UNIV. MICHIGAN, WILLOW RUN LABS., P. 827-843. 1966)

Nakamura, Kazuaki. The magmatophreatic eruption of Taal volcano in 1965, Philippines. (J. GEOGR., TOKYO. Vol. 75, No. 2 (751), p. 33-44 (Jap.; Engl. sum.), illus. (incl. sketch maps). 1966)

Nakamura, Kazuaki. The magmatophreatic eruption of taal volcano in 1965, philippines (in japanese with english abs.). (Jour. Geography, V. 75, NO. 2, P. 93-104. 1966)

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